1. Liu, Mingzhu* and Yang, Shu*, “Exploiting Molecular Orders at the Interface of Microdroplets for Intelligent Materials”, Acc. Chem. Res., 2024, 57 (5), 739-750. DOI
  2. Kim, Young Been; Yang, Shu*, Kim, Dae Seok*, "Sidewinder-inspired self-adjusting, lateral-rolling soft robots for autonomous terrain exploration", Adv. Sci. 2024, 11, 2308350. DOI
  3. Ford, Michael; Porcincula, Dominique H.; Telles-Arriaga, Rodrigo; Mancini, Julie A.; Wang, Yuchen; Rizvi, Mehedi H.; Loeb, Colin K.; Moran, Bryan D.; Tracy, Joseph B.; Lewis, Jennifer A.; Yang, Shu; Lee, Elaine*; Cook, Caitlyn C.*, “Movement with light: photoresponsive shape morphing of printed liquid crystal elastomers”, Matter 2024, 7 (3), 1207-1229. DOI
  4. Martinez, Antonio Proctor; Ng, Alicia; Nah, So Hee and Yang, Shu*, "Active-Textile Yarns and Embroidery Enabled by Wet-Spun Liquid Crystalline Elastomer Filaments", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2024, DOI.


  1. Luo, Danli; Maheshwari, Aditi; Danielescu, Andreea; Li, Jiaji; Yang, Yue; Tao, Ye; Wang, Guanyun; Yang, Shu*; Zhang, Teng*; Yao, Lining*, “Autonomous Self-Drilling Seed Carriers for Aerial Seeding with Superior Success Rates”, Nature, 2023, 614, 463–470. DOI. Researchsquare.   News. Nature Video
  2. Jin, Lishui* and Yang, Shu*, “Engineering Kirigami Frameworks Toward Real-World Applications”, Adv. Mater., 2023, 35, 2308560. DOI. (invited review). Part of Advanced Materials Hall of Fame collection.
  3. Nah, So Hee; Lee, Yunchan; Yu, Kun-Hao; Chi, Yinding; Lee, Hyemin; Chen, Baohong; Patel, Mohit; Wang, Kunyu and Yang, Shu*, “Moisture absorbing and water self-releasing from hybrid hydrogel desiccants”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2023, 2313881. (: equal contribution). DOI
  4. Gao, Yuchong; Liu, Jiaqi, and Yang, Shu*, "Liquid crystalline reduced graphene oxide composite fibers as artificial muscles", Mater. Today, 2023, 69, 19-30. DOI  MT News
  5. Jin, Lishuai; Yang, Yueying; Maldonado, Bryan O. Torres; Lee, Sebastian D.; Figueroa, Nadia; Full, Robert; Yang, Shu*, "Ultra-fast, programmable, and electronics-free soft robots enabled by snapping metacaps", Adv. Intell. Syst. 2023, 5 (2), 2300039. DOI   Advanced Science News.
  6. Kim, Dae Seok*; Lee, Young-Joo; Kim, Young Been; Wang, Yuchen; Yang, Shu*, "Autonomous, untethered gait-like synchronization of lobed loops made from liquid crystal elastomer fibers via spontaneous snap-through", Sci. Adv. 2023, 9 (20), eadh5107. DOI
  7. Jung, Heesuk; Hou, Miaomiao; Kang, Byungsoo; Wang, Zherui; Choi, Hyojeong; Lee, Hyeong Won; Lee, Yongju; Lee, Phillip; Aviv, Dorit*; Kim, Hyeok*; and Yang, Shu*, “Large-scaled and Solar-reflective Kirigami-based Building Envelopes for Shading and Occupants’ thermal Comfort”, Adv. Sustainable Sys. 2023, 7 (12), 2300253. DOI. Cover.
  8. Lee, Young-Joo; Kanchwala, Suhail K.*; Cho, Hyesung; Jolly, Jason Christopher; Jablonka, Eric; Tanis, Michael; Kamien, Randall D. and Yang, Shu*, "Natural Shaping of Acellular Dermal Matrices for Implant-based Breast Reconstruction via Expansile Kirigami" Adv. Mater. 2023, 35 (6), 2208088. DOI. News
  9. Liu, Mingzhu; Han, Xingyue; Nah, So Hee; Wang, Yuchen; Wu, Liang; Yang, Shu*, “Switching chirality in arrays of shape-reconfigurable spindle microparticles”, Adv. Mater., 2023, 35 (31), 2303009. DOI Also Hot Topic: Liquid Crystal.
  10. Liu, Mingzhu; Jin, Lishuai; Yang, Shengsong; Wang, Yuchen; Murray, Christopher B. and Yang, Shu*, "Shape Morphing Directed by Spatially Encoded, Dually Responsive Liquid Crystalline Elastomer Micro‐Actuators", Adv. Mater. 35 (5), 2208613. DOI.
  11. Jolly, Jason Christopher; Jin, Binjie; Jin, Lishuai; Lee, YoungJoo; Xie, Tao; Gonella, Stefano; Sun, Kai; Mao, Xiaoming*, and Yang, Shu*, “Soft mechanical metamaterials with transformable topology protected by stress caching", Adv. Sci., 2023, 10 (22), 2302475. DOI. also arXiv:2208.0828 (: equal contributors).
  12. Liu, Mingzhu; Fu, Jiemin; Yang, Shengsong; Wang, Yuchen; Jin, Lishuai; Nah, So Hee; Gao, Yuchong; Ning, Yifan; Murray, Christopher B. and Yang, Shu*, “Janus Microdroplets with Tunable Self-recoverable and Switchable Reflective Structural Colors”, Adv. Mater. 2023, 35, 202207985. DOI
  13. Nah, So Hee; Unsihuay, Daisy; Wang, Ping and Yang, Shu*, “A highly sensitive and specific photonic crystal based opioid sensor with rapid regeneration”,  ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2023, 15, 23, 27647–27657 DOI
  14. Jin, Binjie and Yang, Shu*, "Programming liquid crystalline elastomer networks with dynamic covalent bonds", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2023, 202304769. (Review). DOI. Also Hot Topic: Liquid Crystals
  15. Liu, Mingzhu; Fu, Jimin and Yang, Shu*, "Synthesis of microparticles with diverse thermally responsive shapes originated from the same Janus liquid crystalline microdroplets", Small, 2023, 2303106. DOI
  16. Jiao, Xuan; Yang, Sha; Ji, Yanzheng; Yang, Shu; Feng, Pan; Sun, Dewen; Ran, Qianping; Liu, Wei; Zhang, Youfa*, “Surface chemistry regulation of nanoparticle coatings on activated carbons for rapid and long-lasting adsorption of organic pollutants”, J. Cleaner Prod., 2023, 414, 137717.  DOI.
  17. Teng, Y. Zhi, K.-H. Yu, S. Yang, M. Akbarzadeh*, "Continuous multi-filament 3D printing for tension-compression structure components" in Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2023, Integration of Design and Fabrication, eds Y. M. Xie, J. Burry, T. U. Lee, J. Ma (The International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS), Melbourne, Australia). Link


  1. Jin, Lishuai; Yeager, Michael; Lee, Young-Joo; O’Brien, Daniel; Yang, Shu*, “Morphing multilayered, cut laminates into 3D curved surfaces with optimized mechanical performance”, Sci. Adv. 2022, 8 (41), eabq3248. DOI.   Blog
  2. Chen, Mingtao; Murphy, Brendan B.; Wang, Yuchen; Vitale, Flavia and Yang, Shu*, “SMART Silly Putty: Stretchable, Malleable, Adherable, Reusable, and Tear-resistible Hydrogels”, Small, 2022, 2205854. DOI
  3. Wang, Yuchen; Yin, Rui; Jin, Lishuai; Liu, Mingzhu; Gao, Yuchong; Raney, Jordan, and Yang, Shu*, “3D Printed Photoresponsive Liquid Crystal Elastomer Composites for Free-form Actuation”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2022. 2210614. DOI
  4. Kim, Dae Seok; Lee, Young-Joo; Wang, Yuchen; Park, Jinseok; Winey, Karen I.; Yang, Shu*, Self-Folding Liquid Crystal Network Filaments Patterned with Vertically Aligned Mesogens”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface, 2022, 14, 44, 50171–50179. DOI
  5. Cang, Yu; Liu, Jiaqi; Ryu, Meguya; Graczykowski, Bartlomiej; Morikawa, Junko; Yang, Shu*, and George Fytas*, "On the origin of elasticity and heat conduction anisotropy of liquid crystal elastomers at gigahertz frequencies" Nat. Commun., 2022, 13, 5248. DOI
  6. Chen, Mingtao; Wu, Yue; Chen, Baohong; Tucker, Alexander M.; Jagota, Anand and Yang, Shu*, “Fast, strong, and reversible adhesives with dynamic covalent bonds for potential use as wound dressing adhesives”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2022, 119 (29), 2203074119. DOI . Nature Research Highlight
  7. Cheng, Steven; Hao, Weixing; Wang, Yang; Yang, Shu*, “Commercial Janus fabrics as reusable facemask materials: a balance of water repellency, filtration efficiency, breathability, and reusability”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 2022, 14, 28, 32579–32589. DOI
  8. Dang, Alei; Wang, Yuchen; Zhang, Huiqin; Panatdasirisuk, Weerapha ; Xia, Yu; Wang, Zongyu; Jariwala, Deep; Li, Tiehu and Yang, Shu*, “Electrospun Gold Nanoprism/Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Nanofibers for Flexible and Free-Standing Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Substrates”, ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2022, 5, 5, 6650–6658. (: equal contributors). DOI
  9. Zhao, Yao; Chi, Yinding; Hong, Yaoye; Li, Yanbin; Yang, Shu; Yin, Jie*, “Twisting for soft intelligent autonomous robot in unstructured environments”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 2022, 119 (22) e2200265119. NewsDOI.  Winning 2022 Cozzarelli Prize from PNAS for Class III: Engineering and Applied Sciences.
  10. Lee 2021 AdvIntellSys auxetic tubular spring imageLee, Young-Joo; Misra, Shivangi; Chen, Wei-Hsi; Koditschek, Daniel E.; Sung, Cynthia and Yang, Shu*, “Resilient, Tendon-Driven Auxetic Tubular Springs for Sustainable Hopping Robots”, Adv. Intell. Sys. 2022, 4, 2100152 DOI
  11. Encoding Enantiomeric Molecular Imprints on Graphene Basal PlanesLiu, Linpeng; Niu, Shichao*; Zhang, Junqiu; Mu, Zhengzhi; Li, Jing; Li, Bo; Han, Zhiwu*; Yang, Shu*; Ren, Luquan, “Bioinspired, Omnidirectional and Hypersensitive Flexible Strain Sensors”, Adv. Mater. 2022, 34, 2200823. DOI
  12. Encoding Enantiomeric Molecular Imprints on Graphene Basal PlanesMeng, Yongqiang; Fan, Jingbiao; Wang, Meihui; Gong, Wenbin; Zhang, Jinping; Ma, Junpeng; Mi, Hongyu; Huang, Yan*; Yang, Shu*; Ruoff, Rodney S.*, and Geng, Jianxin*. “Encoding Enantiomeric Molecular Imprints on Graphene Basal Planes”, Chem. Int. Ed. 2022, e202117815 (: equal contributors). DOI
  13. 2021 Nat Mater broadband camouflage imageKim, Se-Um; Lee, Young-Joo; Liu, Jiaqi; Kim, Dae Seok; Wang, Haihuan and Yang, Shu*, “Broadband and Pixelated Camouflage by Exploiting Large Poisson Effect in Main-Chain Chiral Nematic Liquid Crystalline Elastomers”, Nat. Mater. 2022, 21(1), 41-46. DOI. SharedIt view. News
  14. Wang & Liu 2022 LCE composite review imageWang, Yuchen; Liu, Jiaqi; Yang, Shu*, “Multi-functional liquid crystal elastomer composites”, Appl. Phys. Rev. 2022, 9, 011301  (Invited review). DOI
  15. Kang-2022-Photopatterning via Photofluidization of Azobenzene PolymersKang, Hong Suk and Yang, Shu*, “Photopatterning via Photofluidization of Azobenzene Polymers”, Light: Adv. Manufacturing, 2022, 3, 3. (Invited review). DOI
  16. Jin 2021 AM entropic program LCE imageJin, Binjie; Liu, Jiaqi; Shi, Yunpeng; Chen, Cuancong; Zhao, Qian; and Yang, Shu*, “Entropic programming and reprogramming of molecular ordering in the liquid crystalline networks”, Adv. Mater. 2022, 34, 2107855. DOI.
  17. Vasileiadis, Thomas*; Noual, Adnane; Wang, Yuchen; Graczykowski, Bartlomiej; Djafari-Rouhani, Bahram; Yang, Shu; Fytas, George*, "Optomechanical hot-spots in metallic nanorod-polymer nanocomposites", ACS Nano 2022, 16, 12, 20419–20429. DOI
  18. Jiao, Xuan; Li, Meiting; Yu, Xinquan; Yang, Shu; and Zhang, Youfa*, “Mechanically robust superamphiphobic ceramic coatings with releasable nanoparticle-capsules”, Eng. J. 2022, 446, 137336. DOI
  19. The Engineering Research Visioning Alliance (ERVA) report, “The Role of Engineering to Address Climate Change”, 2022.


  1. Li 2021 NatComm vortex assisted water collector imageLi, Jing; Ran, Ranjiangshang; Wang, Haihuan; Wang, Yuchen; Chen, You; Niu, Shichao; Arratia, Paulo E.; Yang, Shu*, "Aerodynamics-assisted, efficient and scalable kirigami fog collectors”, Nat. Comm., 2021,12, 5484. DOIShareit.
  2. Kang 2021 AM coverKang, Hong Suk; Jolly, Jason Christopher; Cho, Hyesung; Kalpattu, Abhishek; Zhang, Xu A. and Yang, Shu*, “Three-Dimensional Photoengraving of Monolithic, Multifaceted Metasurfaces”, Adv. Mater. 2021, 33 (1), 202005454.DOI (cover). Also appeared in “Women in Materials Science” Virtual Issue.
  3. CHOP 2021 mask seal imageMcGann, Carolyn M. †; Lee, Young-Joo†; Kim, Se-Um†; Weinberg, Danielle D.†; Zha, Xincheng; Huber, Matthew; Hast, Michael W.; Dear, Kayley; Nadkarni, Vinay; Foglia, Elizabeth E.*; Yang, Shu*,“Reverse-engineered Highly Conformable, Leak and Pressure Reducing Cushion for Neonatal Resuscitation Mask”, Adv. Mater. Tech. 2021, 2101364. DOI (†: equal contributors)
  4. Zhao, Yiping; Gong, Lu; Yang, Shu; Zeng, Hongbo; Chunju He, Chunju; Ge, Dengteng*; Yang, Lili*, “Recoverable Underwater Superhydrophobicity from a Fully Wetted State via Dynamic Air Spreading”, iScience, 2021, 24 (12), 103427. DOI.
  5. Yang 2021 ACS AMI earthworm wrinkles on textile imageXu, Liyun†; Yang, Lili†; Ge, Dengteng; Lin, Gaojian; Xu, Zhao; Shi, Jianjun; Zhang, Ruiyun; Yang, Shu; Guo, Ying*; and Yu, Jianyong, “Earthworm-Inspired Ultra-Durable Superhydrophobic Fabrics from Adaptive Wrinkled Skin” ACS Appl. Mater. Interface, 2021,13, 5, 6758-6766. DOI.
  6. Liu, Xilin; Zhu, Hongjie; Qiu, Tian; Wu, Xiaotie; Zhang, Milin; Richardson, Andrew G.; Sritharan, Srihari Y.; Ge, Dengteng; Yang, Shu; Lucas, Timothy H.; Engheta, Nader; Van der Spiegel, Jan*, “A Fully Integrated Sensor-Brain-Machine Interface System for Restoring Somatosensation”, IEEE Sensors J., 2021, 12 (4), 50844–50851. DOI
  7. Gough, Christopher; Callaway, Kayla; Spencer, Everett; Leisy, Kilian; Jiang, Guoxiang; Yang, Shu ; Hu, Xiao*, "Biopolymer-based Filtration Materials", ACS Omega, 2021, 6, 18, 11804–11812. (invited review) DOI


  1. Wang, Yuchen; Dang, Alei; Zhang, Zhifeng; Yin, Rui; Gao, Yuchong; Feng, Liang and Yang, Shu*, “Repeatable and Reprogrammable Shape Morphing from Photoresponsive Gold Nanorod/Liquid Crystal Elastomers”, Adv. Mater2020, 202004270. DOI
  2. Zheng-2020-AMTech-UV responsive fabricZheng, Yue; Panatdasirisu, Weerapha; Liu, Jiaqi; Tong, Aijun; Xiang, Yu; Yang, Shu.*, “Patterned, Wearable UV Indicators from Electrospun Photochromic Fibers and Yarns”, Adv. Mater. Technol.2020, 2000564. DOI
  3. Shang-2020-ACS AMI-thermochromic fiberShang, Shenglong; Zhu, Ping; Wang, Hongzhi*, Li, Yaogang* and Yang, Shu*, “Thermally responsive photonic fibers consisting of chained nanoparticles”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface2020, 12, 45, 50844–50851. DOI
  4. Wu, Gaoxiang; Zhao, Yiping; Ge, Dengteng; Zhao, Yubo; Yang, Lili*, and Yang, Shu*, “Highly Robust, Pressure-Resistant Superhydrophobic Coatings from Monolayer Assemblies of Chained Nanoparticles”, Adv. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 2000681. DOI
  5. Liu, Jiaqi; Radja, Asja; Gao, Yuchong; Yin, Rui; Sweeney, Alison; and Yang, Shu*, “Diverse Pollen-like Microparticles from Liquid Crystal Oligomers via a Biological Pathway”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA2020, 117 (18) 9699-9705. DOI
  6. Liu, Jiaqi†; Gao, Yuchong†; Wang, Haihuan, Poling-Skutvik, Ryan; Osuji, Chinedum, and Yang, Shu* “Shaping and Locomotion of Soft Robots using Filament Actuators Made from Liquid Crystal Elastomer-Carbon Nanotube Composites”, Adv. Intelligent Systems 2020, 2, 1900163. DOI (Back Cover)
  7. Kim, Hye-Na and Yang, S.*; “Responsive Smart Windows from Nanoparticle-Polymer Composites”, Adv. Funct. Mater2020, 30 (2), 1902597 (invited review). DOI. Among the top 10% most downloaded papers in Adv. Funct. Mater.
  8. Liu, Jiaqi; Gao, Yuchong; Lee, Young-Joo, and Yang, Shu* “Responsive and Foldable Soft Materials”, Trends in Chem.2020, 2(2), 107-122 (invited review). DOI
  9. Zhang, Xu A.; Jiang, Yijie; Venkatesh, R. Bharath; Raney, Jordan R.; Stebe*, Kathleen J.; Yang, Shu*; Lee, Daeyeon*, “ Scalable Manufacturing of Bending-Induced Surface Wrinkles”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2020, 12, 6, 7658-7664. DOI.
  10. Jiao, Xuan; Li, Meiting; Cheng, Zhen; Yu, Xinquan; Yang, Shu; Zhang, Youfa*, “Recyclable superhydrophobic, anti-moisture activated carbon pellets for air and water purification”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface,2020, 12, 22, 25345–25352. DOI
  11. Xu, Ye;*,† Ge, Dengteng,*,† Calderon-Ortiz, Gabriel A.; Exarhos, Annemarie L.; Bretz, Coline; Alsayed, Ahmed; Kurz, David;  Winey, Karen I.; Kikkawa, J. M.; Dreyfus, Remi; Yang, Shu and Yodh, Arjun G., “Highly Conductive Transparent Coatings of Flow-aligned Silver Nanowires with Large Electric and Optical Anisotropy”, Nanoscale2020, 12 (11), 6438 - 6448 (†: equal contribution). DOI
  12. Chen, Wei-Hsi*; Misra, Shivangi; Caporale; Koditschek, Daniel E.; Yang, Shu, Sung, Cynthia R.*, “A Tendon-Driven Origami Hopper Triggered by Proprioceptive Contact Detection”, 2020 3rd IEEE International Conference on Soft Robotics (RoboSoft), April 6-9, 2020, 373-380. DOIScholarly Commons
  13. Chen, Wei-Hsi*; Misra, Shivangi; Gao, Yuchong; Lee, Young-Joo; Koditschek, Daniel E.; Yang, Shu, Sung, Cynthia R., “A Tunably Compliant Origami Mechanism for Dynamically Dexterous Robots”, IEEE Robotics and Automation Lett.2020, 5 (2), 2131 – 2137. DOI
  14. Ko, Tae-Jun; Cho, Seohyun; Kim, Seong Jin; Lee, Young A.; Kim, Do Hyun; Jo, Wonjin; Kim, Ho-Young; Yang, Shu; Oh, Kyu Hwan; Moon, Myoung-Woon*. "Direct recovery of spilled oil using hierarchically porous oil scoop with capillary-induced anti-oil-fouling", Journal of Hazardous Materials2020, 124549. DOI


  1. Wei-2019-Nature-multiple-molecules-color-smallWei, Wei-Shao*; Xia, Yu, Ettinger, Sophie; Yang, Shu and Yodh, Arjun G.*, “Molecular heterogeneity drives reconfigurable nematic liquid crystal drops”, Nature2019, 576, 433–436. DOINews. View-only
  2. Xia, Yu†; DeBenedictis, Andrew A.†; Kim, Dae Seok; Chen, Shenglan; Cleaver, Douglas J.*; Atherton, Timothy J.* and Yang, Shu*, “Programming Emergent Symmetries with Saddle-Splay Elasticity” Nat. Commun2019, 10, 5104. (†: equal contribution). DOI
  3. Davidson, Zoey S.*; Shahsavan, Hamed; Aghakhani, Amirreza; Guo, Yubing; Hines, Lindsey; Xia, Yu; Yang, S.; Sitti, Metin, “Monolithic shape-programmable dielectric liquid crystal elastomer actuators”, Sci. Adv.2019, 5, eaay0855. DOI
  4. Cho, Hyesung†; Wu, Gaoxiang†; Jolly, Jason Christopher†; Fortoul, Nicole; He, Zhenping; Gao, Yuchong;Jagota, Anand*; and Yang, Shu*, “Intrinsically Reversible Superglues via Shape Adaptation Inspired by Snail Epiphragm”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2019, 116 (28), 13774–13779.  (†: equal contribution) DOI. News
  5. Liao, Zhiwei; Wu, Gaoxiang; Lee, Daeyeon*, and Yang, Shu*, "Ultrastable Underwater Anti-Oil Fouling Coatings from Spray Assemblies of Polyelectrolyte Grafted Silica Nanochains", ACS Appl. Nano Mater.2019, 11, 14, 13642-13651. DOI
  6. Xia, Yu; Hongalwan, Apiradee, and Yang, Shu*, “Tailoring Surface Patterns to Direct the Assemblies of Liquid Crystalline Materials”, Liquid Crystal Reviews2019, 7 (1), 30-59  (invited). DOI
  7. Fortoul, N.; Liu, Z.; Yang, S.; Hui, C-Y.; Jagota, A.* “A Surface with Stress, Extensional Elasticity, and Bending Stiffness”, Soft Matter2019, 15, 3817 - 3827. DOI
  8. Zhang, Songnan; Huang, Jianying; Chen, Zhong; Yang, Shu; Lai, Yuekun*, “Liquid mobility on superwettable surfaces for applications in energy and the environment”, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, 7 (1), 38-63 (invited review). DOI
  9. Wang, Shunqiang; Cho, Younghyun; Cheng, Xuanhong; Yang, Shu; Liu, Yi*; Liu, Yaling*, “Integration of Hierarchical Micro-/Nanostructures in a Microfluidic Chip for Efficient and Selective Isolation of Rare Tumor Cells”, Micromachines2019, 10(10), 698. DOI
  10. Tang, Yichao; Li, Yanbin; Song, Xiaolei; Liu, Haijun; Yang, S.; Yin, Jie*, “Design of three-dimensional, foldable hinges in kirigami metasheets for more freedom of actuation”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA2019, 116 (52) 26407-26413. DOI
  11. Chen, Wei-Hsi; Misra, Shivangi; Gao, Yuchong; Lee, Young-Joo; Koditschek, Daniel E.; Yang, Shu, Sung, Cynthia R.*, “A Tunably Compliant Origami Mechanism for Dynamically Dexterous Robots”, submitted to IEEE Robotics and Automation Society, 2019.
  12. Chen, Wei-Hsi; Misra, Shivangi; Caporale; Koditschek, Daniel E.; Yang, Shu, Sung, Cynthia R.*, “A Tendon-Driven Origami Hopper Triggered by Proprioceptive Contact Detection”, submitted to 2020 3rd IEEE International Conference on Soft Robotics (RoboSoft), April 6-9, 2020.


  1. Xia, Yu; Mathis, Tyler; Zhao, Meng-qiang; Anasori, Babak; Dang, Alei; Zhou, Zehang; Cho, Hyesung; Gogotsi, Yury*; and Yang, S.*, “Thickness Independent Capacitance of Vertically Aligned Liquid Crystalline MXenes”, Nature2018, 557, 409-412. DOI.

    Also see Behind the paper at Nature Research Chemistry Community.
    PennToday: An innovative approach to better energy storage

  2. Aharoni, Hillel; Xia, Yu; Zhang, Xinyue; Kamien, Randall D.; Yang, Shu*, "Making Faces: Universal Inverse Design of Surfaces with Thin Nematic Elastomer Sheets", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 2018, 115 (28) 7206-7211. DOI. arXiv preprint See News
  3. Xia, Y.; Zhang, X. and Yang, S.*, "Instant Locking of Molecular Ordering in Liquid Crystal Elastomers via Oxygen Mediated Thiol-Acrylate "Click" Reactions", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2018, 57 (20), 5665-5668. DOI.
  4. Kim, Hye-Na; Ge, Dengteng; Lee, Elaine and Yang, S.*; “Multistate and On-demand Smart Windows”, Adv. Mater2018, 30 (43), 1803847. DOI
  5. Cho, Younghyun; Minsky, Helen; Jiang, Yijie; Yin, Kaiyang; Turner, Kevin T.*; Yang, Shu*, "Shear Adhesion of Tapered Nanopillar Arrays", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2018, (13), 11391–11397. DOI
  6. Zhou, Zehang; Panatdasirisuk, Weerapha; Mathis, Tyler; Anasori, Babak; Lu, Canhui; Zhang, Xinxing; Liao, Zhiwei; Gogotsi, Yury* and Yang, S.*, “Layer-by-layer Assembly of MXene and Carbon Nanotubes on Electrospun Polymer Films for Flexible Energy Storage”, Nanoscale2018, 10, 6005 - 6013. DOI
  7. Tran, Lisa*; Kim, Hye-Na; Li, Ningwei; Yang, Shu; Stebe,Kathleen J. Kamien,Randall D.; Haase, Martin F.* "Shaping nanoparticle fingerprints at the interface of cholesteric droplets", Sci. Adv. 2018, 10, eaat8597. DOIarXiv preprint
  8. Cho, E.-B.*, Choi, E., and Yang, S.; Jaroniec, M.*, “Hollow Mesoporous Organosilica Nanospheres Templated with Flower-like Micelles of Pentablock Copolymers”, J. Coll. Interface Sci.2018, 528, 124–134. DOI
  9. Lee, G.; Choi, E.; Yang, S.* and Cho, E.-B.*, “Tailoring Pore Size and Morphology of Hierarchical Mesoporous Silica Using Diblock and Pentablock Copolymer Templates”, J. Phys. Chem.2018, 122 (8), 4507–4516.DOI
  10. Chen, Wenxiang; Wu, Gaoxiang; Zhang, Mingliang; Greybush, Nicholas; Howard-Jennings, Jordan P.; Song, Naixin; Yang, S.; Kagan, C.*, “Angle-independent Optical Moisture Sensors Based on Hydrogel-coated Plasmonic Lattice Arrays”, ACS Appl. Nano Mater.2018, 1 (3), 1430–1437. DOI.
  11. Kim, Dae Seok, Suh, Ahram, Yang, Shu, and Yoon, Dong Ki*, “Grooving of Nanoparticles using Sublimable Liquid Crystal for Transparent Omniphobic Surface”, J. Colloid Interface Sci.2018, 513, 585-591. DOI
  12. Gharbi, Mohamed Amine; Beller, Daniel; Sharifi Mood, Nima; Gupta, Rohini; Kamien, Randall D.; Yang, Shu; Stebe, Kathleen*, "Elastocapillary driven assembly of particles at free-standing smectic-A films", Langmuir, 2018, 34 (5), 2006–2013. DOI
  13. Lee, Hyemin; Kim, Jun-Hyun; Wu,Gaoxiang; Lee, Hae-Min; Kim, Jaekyoung; Kwon, Dokyeong;Yang, Shu; Kim,Chang-Koo;* and Yoon, Hyunsik*, "Clustering and Self-Recovery of Slanted Hydrogel Micropillars", Adv. Mater. Interfaces2018, 5, 1801142. DOI
  14. Liu, Xilin; Zhu, Hongjie; Qiu, Tian; Wu, Xiaotie; Zhang, Milin; Richardson, Andrew G.; Sritharan, Srihari Y.; Ge, Dengteng; Yang, Shu; Lucas, Timothy H.; Engheta, Nader; Van der Spiegel, Jan*, “A Fully Integrated Wireless Sensor-Brain Machine Interface System for Restoring Somatosensation”, submitted to IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, 2018.


  1. Kim, Hye-N; Vahidinia, Sanaz; Holt, Amanda L.; Sweeney, Alison M.*;Yang, Shu*"Geometric Design of Scalable Forward-Scatterers for Optimally Efficient Solar Transformers", Adv. Mater. 2017, 29 (44), 1702922. DOI. News
  2. Ge, Dengteng; Wu, Gaoxiang; Yang, Lili; Kim, Hye-Na, Hallwachs, Winnie; Burns, John M.; Janzen, Daniel H.*, and Yang, Shu*, “Varying and unchanging whiteness on the wings of dusk-active and shade-inhabiting Carystoides escalantei butterflies”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2017,114 (28), 7379–7384. DOI . Also see News
  3. Wu, Gaoxiang; Cho, Hyesung; Wood, Derek; Dinsmore, Anthony; Yang, Shu*, “Cylindrical Confinement of Colloidal Assemblies with Soft, Repulsive Interactions”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2017, 139 (14), 5095–5101. DOI. see Highlight by Nature Reviews Chemistry.
  4. Panatdasirisuk, Weerapha; Liao, Zhiwei; Vongsetskul, Thammasit; and Shu Yang*, "Separation of Oil-in-Water Emulsions Using Hydrophilic Electrospun Membranes with Anisotropic pores", Langmuir, 2017, 33 (23), 5872–5878. DOI.
  5. Tang, Yichao; Lin, Gaojian; Yang, S.; Yi, Yun Kyu; Kamien, Randall D.; Yin, Jie*, “Programmable Kiri-kirigami Metamaterials”, Adv. Mater.2017, 29 (10), 1604262. DOIHighlight by Advanced Science News.
  6. Kim, Junsoo; Wang, Yifan; Park, Hyunchul; Park, Min Cheol; Moon, Seung Eon; Hong, Soon Man; Koo, Chong Min; Suh, Kahp-Yang; Yang, S., and Cho, Hyesung*, “Nonlinear Frameworks for Reversible and Pluripotent Wetting on Topographic Surfaces”, Adv. Mater.2017, 29 (7), 1605078. DOI
  7. Alonso-Redondo, E.; Gueddida, A.; Li, J.; Graczykowski, B.; Torres, C. M. Sotomayor; Pennec, Y.; Yang, S., Djafari-Rouhani, B. and Fytas, G.* “Directional elastic wave propagation in high-aspect-ratio photoresist gratings: liquid infiltration and aging”, Nanoscale2017, 9 (8), 2739-2747. DOI
  8. Kim, Dae Seok; Honglawan, Apiradee ; Yang, Shu ; Yoon, Dong Ki*, "Arrangement and SERS Applications of Nanoparticle Clusters Using Liquid Crystalline Template", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9 (8), 7787–7792. DOI.
  9. Jeong, Joonwoo,* Cho, Yigil; Lee, Su Yeon; Gong, Xingting; Kamien, Randall D.; Yang, S. and Yodh, A. G.*, “Topography-guided buckling of swollen polymer bilayer films and resulting three-dimensional structures”,Soft Matter2017, 13, 956 - 962. DOI
  10. Lin, Gaojian†; Ge, Dengteng†; Tang, Yichao; Xia, Yu; Wu, Gaoxiang; Han, Lin; Yang, Shu*, and Yin, Jie*, "Cuts Guided Deterministic Buckling in Arrays of Soft Parallel Plates for Multifunctionality", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9 (34), 29345–29354 (†: equal contribution). DOI
  11. Kang, Hongsuk; Cho, Hyesung; Panatdasirisuk, Weerapha; and Yang, Shu*, "Hierarchical membranes with size-controlled nanopores from photofluidization of electrospun azobenzene polymer fibers", J. Mater. Chem. A 2017, 5, 18762 - 18769. DOI.
  12. La, Thanh-Giang; Li, Xinda; Kumar, Amit; Fu, Yiyang; Yang, Shu; Chung, Hyun-Joong*, "Highly Flexible, Multi-Pixelated Thermosensitive Smart Windows Made of Tough Hydrogels", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9 (38), 33100–33106. DOI.
  13. Yu, Seunggun†; Cho, Hyesung†; Hong, Jun Pyo; Park, Hyunchul; Christopher Jolly, Jason; Kang, Hong Suk; Kim, Junsoo; Lee, Seung Hwan; Lee, Albert S.; Hong, Soon Man; Park, Cheolmin; Yang, Shu*; and Koo, Chong Min*, “Shaping micro-clusters via topographically close-packed jamming of microbombs”, Nat. Commun. 2017, 8, 721. DOIPDF (†: equal contribution) News
  14. Ge, Dengteng; Yang, Xiaoming; Chen, Ze; Yang, Lili; Wu, Gaoxiang; Xia, Yu; Yang, Shu*"Colloidal Ink from Bumpy Colloidal Nanoparticles for Assembly of Ultrasmooth and Uniform Structural Colors", Nanoscale20179, 17357-17363DOI
  15. Anasori, Babak*; Sarycheva, Asia; Buondonno, Sara; Zhou, Zehang; Yang, Shu; and Gogotsi, Yury*, "2D metal carbides (MXenes) in fibers", Mater. Today 2017, 20 (8), 481-482 . DOI
  16. Liu,Xilin; Zhu,Hongjie; Zhang,Milin; Wu, Xiaotie; Richardson, Andrew G.; Sritharan, Srihari Y.; Ge, Dengteng; Yang,Shu; Lucas,Timothy H.; Van der Spiegel, Jan*, "A fully integrated wireless sensor-brain interface system to restore finger sensation, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), 2017. DOI


  1. Yang, S.*, Choi, I-S.*, and Kamien, R., D.* “Design of super-conformable, foldable materials via fractal cuts and lattice kirigami”, MRS Bull2016, 41 (2), 130-138. (Invited perspective) DOI
  2. Serra, F.* and Yang, S.*, “Liquid crystals: material defect lines”, Nat. Mater2016, 15 (1), 10-11 (Invited News & Views) DOI
  3. Xia, Y.; Cedillo-Servin, G.; Kamien, R. D. and Yang, S.*, “Guided Folding of Nematic Liquid Crystal Elastomer Sheets into 3D by Patterned 1D Micro-channels,  Adv. Mater.2016, 28 (43), 9637–9643. DOI
  4. Lee, E. †; Xia, Y. †; Ferrier, R. C. Jr. †; Kim, H.-N.; Gharbi, M. A.; Stebe, K. J.; Kamien, R. D.; Composto, R. J.; Yang, S.*, "Fine Golden Rings: Tunable Surface Plasmon Resonance from Assembled Nanorods in Topological Defects of Liquid Crystals". Adv. Mater. 2016, 28 (14), 2731–2736. DOI (†: equal contribution)
  5. Cho, Younghyun; Shim, Tae Soup, and Yang, S.*, “Spatially selective nucleation and growth of water droplets on hierarchically patterned polymer surfaces”, Adv. Mater2016, 28 (7), 1433–1439. DOI
  6. Yang, X.†; Ge, D.†; Wu, G.; Liao, Z. W., and Yang, S.*, "Production of Structural Colors with High Contrast and Wide Viewing Angles from Assemblies of Polypyrrole Black Coated Polystyrene Nanoparticles" ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2016, 8 (25), 16289–16295. (†: equal contribution) DOI
  7. Cao, B.†; Wu, G. X.†; Xia, Y. and Yang, S.*, "Buckling into single-handed chiral structures from pH-sensitive hydrogel membranes", Extreme Mech. Lett2016, 7, 49–54. DOI (†: equal contribution)
  8. Xia, Y.; Lee, E.; Hu, H.; Gharbi, M. A.; Beller, D. A.; Fleischmann, E.-K.; Kamien, R. D.; Zentel, R. and Yang, S.*, “Better Actuation Through Chemistry:  Using Surface Coatings to Create Uniform Director Fields in Nematic Liquid Crystal Elastomers”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2016, 8 (19), pp 12466–12472. DOI.
  9. Jun, Brian M.; Serra, Francesca; Xia, Yu; Kang, Hong Suk and Yang, S.*, “Fabrication of Free-Standing, Self-aligned, High-Aspect-Ratio Synthetic Ommatidia”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2016, 8 (45), 30671–30676. DOI
  10. Kunin, Valentin; Yang, S.; Cho, Yigil; Deymier, Pierre; Srolovitz, David J.*,  “Static and dynamic elastic properties of fractal-cut materials”, Extreme Mech. Lett2016, 6, 103–114. DOI
  11. Liu, C.*; Liao, S.-C.; Song, J.; Mauk, M.; Li, X.; Wu, G.; Ge, D.; Greenberg, R.; Yang, S.; Bau, H., “A High-Efficiency Superhydrophobic Plasma Separator”, Lab Chip2016, 16, 553-560. DOI
  12. Wang, S.; Thomas, A.; Lee, E.; Yang, S.; Cheng, X. H. and Liu, Y.*,“Highly Efficient and Selective Isolation of Rare Tumor Cells Using a Microfluidic Chip with Wavy-herringbone Micro-patterned Surfaces”, Analysts2016, 141, 2228-2237. DOI
  13. Luo, Y.; Serra, F.; Beller, D. A.; Gharbi, M. A.; Li, N. Yang, S.; Kamien, R. D. and Stebe, K., J.*, “Around the corner: colloidal assembly and wiring in groovy nematic cells”, Phys. Rev. E. 2016, 93, 032705. DOI
  14. Kim, Sang Moon†; Kang, Seong Min†; Lee, Chanseok; Jang, Segeun; Kim, Junsoo; Seo, Hyein; Bae, Won-Gyu; Yang, Shu*, and Yoon, Hyunsik*, “Repeated Shape Recovery of Clustered Nanopillars by Mechanical Pulling”, J. Mater. Chem. C2016, 4, 9608-9612. DOI (†: equal contribution)


  1. Yang, S. "Supramolecular lattices from tetrahedral nanobuilding blocks", Science2015,  348 (6233), 396-397. (Invited perspective). DOI
  2. Lee, E. and Yang, S*, “Bioinspired responsive polymer pillars”, MRS Comm2015, 5(2), 97-114. (Perspective on Polymers/Soft Matter). DOI
  3. Xia, Y.; Serra, F.; Kamien, R. D.; Stebe, K. J. and Yang, S.*, "Direct mapping of local director field of nematic liquid crystals at the nanoscale", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA2015, 112 (50), 15291–15296. DOI
  4. Sussman, D. M.†; Cho, Y.†; Castle, T.; Gong, X. T.; Jung, E.; Yang, S. and Kamien, R., D.*, “Algorithmic Lattice Kirigami: A Route to Pluripotent Materials”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA2015, 112, 7449-7453. (†: equal contribution). DOI.
  5. Cho, Younghyun; † Lee, Su Yeon; † Ellerthorpe, L.; Feng, G.; Lin, G.; Wu, G.; Yin, J. and Yang, S.*, “Elastoplastic Inverse Opals as Power-Free Mechanochromic Sensors for Force Recording”, Adv. Funct. Mater2015, 25(38), 6041–6049. (†: equal contribution). DOINews.
  6. Honglawan, A.; Kim,D. S.; Beller, D. A.; Yoon, D. K.; Gharbi, M. A.; Stebe, K. J.; Kamien, R. D., and Yang, S.*, "Synergistic assembly of nanoparticles in smectic liquid crystals", Soft Matter2015, 11, 7367-7375. DOI
  7. Tang, Y.; Lin, G.; Han, L.; Qiu. S.; Yang, S.* and Yin, J.*, “Engineering hierarchical cuts for extremely soft, high strength, and reconfigurable auxetic metamaterials”, Adv. Mater2015, 27 (44), 7181–7190. DOI
  8. Cho, Younghyun; Kim, Gyuseok; Cho, Yigil, Lee, S. Y.; Minsky, H.; Turner, K. T.; Gianola, D. S. and Yang, S.*, “Orthogonal Control of Stability and Tunable Dry Adhesion by Tailoring Shapes of Tapered Nanopillar Arrays”, Adv. Mater2015, 27 (47), 7788–7793. DOI
  9. Ge, D.,† Lee, E.,† Yang, L., Cho, Y. Li, M., Gianola, D. S., and Yang, S.*, "A robust smart window: reversibly switching from high transparency to angle-independent structural color display", Adv. Mater2015, 27 (15), 2489–2495. DOI (†: equal contribution). Also see news on "Smart windows".
  10. Lee, S. Y.; Rahmawan, Y.; and Yang, S.*, “Transparent and superamphiphobic surfaces from mushroom-like micropillar arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces.2015, 7 (43), 24197–24203. DOI.
  11. Ge, D., Yang, L., Wang, C., Lee, E. and Yang, S.*, "A multi-functional oil/water separator from a selectively pre-wetted superamphiphobic paper", ChemComm. 2015, 51, 6149 - 6152. DOI
  12. Wu, G.,† Cho, Y.†, Choi, I.-S., Ge, D., Li, J., Han, H. N., Lubensky, T., and Yang, S.*, "Directing the deformation paths of soft metamaterials with prescribed asymmetric units", Adv. Mater2015, 27 (17), 2747–2752.(†: equal contribution). DOI
  13. Serra, F. †; Gharbi, M. A.†; Luo, Y.; Liu, I. B.; Bade, N.D.; Kamien, R. D.; Yang, S.; Stebe, K. J.*, "Curvature-Driven, One-Step Assembly of Reconfigurable Smectic Liquid Crystal "Compound Eye" Lenses" on a Curved Interface", Adv. Opt. Mater., 2015, 3(9), 1287–1292. (†: equal contribution). DOI . Also see news coverage.
  14. Ge, D., Yang, L.*, Fan, L., Zhang, C., Xiao, X., Gogotsi, Y. and Yang, S.*,  “Foldable supercapacitors from triple networks of macroporous cellulose fibers, polyaniline nanoribbons single-walled carbon nanotubes”, Nano Energy 2015, 11, 568-578.  DOI
  15. Chen, K., Zhou, S.*, Yang, S. and Wu, L. M.*, “Fabrication of All-Water-Based Self-Repairing Superhydrophobic Coatings Based on UV-Responsive Microcapsules”, Adv. Funct. Mater2015, 25 (7), 1035-1041DOI
  16. Lee, S.-Y. and Yang, S.*, "Compartment Fabrication of Magneto-Responsive Janus Microrod Particles" ChemComm. 2015, 51, 1639 - 1642. DOI
  17. Zheng, Y.; Li, J.; Lee, E. and Yang, S.* “Light-induced shape recovery of deformed shape memory polymer micropillar arrays with gold nanorods”, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 30495 - 30499. DOI
  18. Chen, Chi-Mon, Chiang, Chang-Lung, and Yang, S.*, “Programming tilting angles in shape memory polymer Janus pillar arrays with unidirectional wetting against the tilting direction", Langmuir2015, 31 (35), 9523–9526. DOI
  19. Liu, I. B.; Gharbi, M. A.; Ngo, V. L.; Kamien, R. D.; Yang, S.; Stebe, K. J.*, “Elastocapillary interactions on nematic films”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA2015, 112 (20), 6336-6340. DOI
  20. Gharbi, M. A.; Iris B. Liu, I. B.; Luo, Y.; Serra, F.; Bade, N. D.; Kim, H.-N.; Xia, Y.; Kamien, R. D.; Yang, S. and Stebe, K. J.*, "Smectic Gardening on Curved Landscapes", Langmuir2015, 31 (40), 11135–11142. DOI
  21. Kim, D. S.; Honglawan, A.; Kim, K.; Kim, M. H.; Jeong, S.; Yang, S. and Yoon, D. K.*, "Directed Self-Assembly of Nanoparticle Clusters using Sublimable Liquid Crystal”, J. Mater. Chem. C 2015, 3 (18), 4598-4602. DOI
  22. Fan, W.; Chen, M.; Yang, S.; Wu, L.M.* "Centrifugation-assisted Assembly of Colloidal Silica into Crack-Free and Transferrable Films with Tunable Crystalline Structures", Sci. Rep2015, 5, 12100. DOI


  1. Castle, T., Cho, Y., Gong, X. T., Jung, E., Sussman, D. M., Yang, S. and Kamien, R. D.*, "Making the Cut: Lattice Kirigami Rules", Phys. Rev. Lett., 2014, 113, 245502. DOI
  2. Cho, Y., Shin, J.-H., Costa, A., Kim, T. A., Kunin, V., Li, J., Lee, S. Y., Yang, S., Han, H., N., Choi, I.-S.*, Srolovitz, D., "Engineering the Shape and Structure of Materials by Fractal Cut", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA2014, 111 (49), 17390–17395. DOI
  3. Ge, D.; Yang, L.; Zhang, Y.; Rahmawan,Y. Yang, S.*, "Transparent and Superamphiphobic Surfaces from One-Step Spray Coating of Stringed Silica Nanoparticle/Sol Solutions", Particle & Particle Systems Characterization 31 (7), 763-770. DOI
  4. Li, J., Cho, Y., Choi, I. and Yang, S.*,"Transforming One-Dimensional Nanowalls to Long-Range Ordered Two-Dimensional Nanowaves – Exploiting Buckling Instability and Nanofibers Effect in Holographic Lithography", Adv. Funct. Mater2014, 26 (8), 1283-1288. DOI.
  5. Chen, C.-M., and Yang, S.*, “Directed water shedding on high-aspect-ratio shape memory polymer micropillar arrays”,Adv. Mater. 2014, 26 (8), 1283-1288. DOI
  6. Wu, G. X., Xia. Y., and Yang, S.*, “Buckling, symmetry breaking, and cavitation in periodically micro-structured hydrogel membranes”, Soft Matter2014, 10 (9), 1392 - 1399. DOI. (Invited to theme issue on Reconfigurable Soft Matter). Correction to Fig. 3 caption.
  7. Ge, D. T., Yang L. L., Wu, G. X. and Yang, S.*, "Spray coating of superhydrophobic and angle-independent colored films", Chem. Commun2014, 50 (19), 2469 - 2472. DOI
  8. Ge, D. T., Yang, L. L.*, Honglawan, A., Li, J. and Yang, S.*, “In Situ Synthesis of Hybrid Aerogels from Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Polyaniline Nanoribbons as Free-Standing, Flexible Energy Storage Electrodes”, Chem. Mater.2014, 26 (4), 1678–1685. DOI. (most highly downloaded in February 2014 of Chemistry of Materials)
  9. Zhang, Y. F., Ge, D. T. and Yang, S.*,  “Spray-coating of superhydrophobic aluminum alloys with enhanced mechanical robustness”, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 2014, 423, 101-107. DOI
  10. 10. Lee, E., Zhang, M., Cho, Y., Cui, Y., Van der Spiegel, J., Engheta, N. and Yang, S.* "Tilted Pillars on Wrinkled Elastomers as a Reversibly Tunable Optical Window", Adv. Mater. 2014, 26 (24), 4127–4133DOI
  11. Gharbi, M. A., Beller, D. A., Honglawan, A., Stebe, K. J., Yang, S., Kamien, R. D. “Controlling liquid crystal defects”, SPIE Newsroom, 1 March 2014DOI
  12. Ge, D. T., Yang L. L., Wu, G. X. and Yang, S.*, "Angle-independent colours from spray coated quasi-amorphous arrays of nanoparticles: combination of constructive interference and Rayleigh scattering", J. Mater. Chem. C2014, 2 (22), 4395 - 4400. DOI.
  13. Rahmawan, Y., Chen, C.-M. and Yang, S.*, “ Recent advances in wrinkle based dry adhesion”, Soft Matter2014,10 (28), 5028 - 5039. DOI (invited review).
  14. Li, J. and Yang, S.*, "Fabrication of High-Aspect-Ratio (up to 10) One-Dimensional Organic/inorganic Hybrid Nanogratings via Holographic Lithography", Microelectr. Eng.2014, 128, 7-11. DOI.
  15. Fargnoli, A. S., Mu, A., Katz, M. G., Williams, R. D., Margulies, K. B., Weiner, D. B., Yang, S. and Bridges, C. R., "Anti-inflammatory Loaded Poly-Lactic Glycolic Acid Nanoparticle Formulations to Enhance Myocardial Gene Transfer: An In-Vitro Assessment of a Drug/Gene Combination Therapeutic Approach for Direct Injection", J. Translational Medicine2014, 12, 171. DOI.
  16. Hu, J., Hardy, C., Chen, C.-M., Yang, S., Voloshin, A. S., Liu, Y.*, “Enhanced cell adhesion and alignment on micro-wavy patterned surfaces”, PLOS ONE, 2014, 9 (8), e104502. DOI
  17. Honglawan, A. and Yang, S., "Directing 3D Topological Defects in Smectic Liquid Crystals and Their Applications as an Emerging Class of Building Blocks", In Nanoscience with Liquid Crystals NanoScience and Technology 2014, Ed, Quan Li, pp 35-68.


  1. Beller, D. A. †, Gharbi, M. A. †, Honglawan, A.†, Stebe, K. J., Yang, S., Kamien, R. D.* “Focal Conic Flower Textures at Curved Interfaces”, Phys. Rev. X2013, 041026. DOI. (†: equal contribution). Physics synopsis: Plant a liquid-crystal garden.
  2. Chen, C.-M., Reed, J. C, and Yang, S.*, Guided wrinkling in swollen, pre-patterned photoresist thin films with crosslinking gradient”, Soft Matter2013, 9 (46), 11007 - 11013. DOI
  3. Rahmawan, Y., Kang, S., Lee, S. Y., Suh, K.-Y., and Yang, S.*, "Enhanced shear adhesion by mechanical interlocking of dual-scaled elastomeric micropillars with embedded silica particles", Macromole. React. Eng.2013, 7, 616–623. DOI. (special issue "Polymer Adhesion Science and Reaction Engineering").
  4. Cho, Y., Ahn, T.-H., Cho, H.-H., Shin, J.-H., Moon, J. H., Yang, S., Choi, I.-S., Han, H. N.*, and Li, J.*, “Study of architectural responses of 3D periodic cellular materials”, Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng2013, 21, 065018. DOI
  5. Lee, S. Y. and Yang, S.*, "Fabrication and Assembly of Magneto-Responsive, Anisotropic, and Hybrid Microparticles of Variable Size and Shape", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2013, 52 (31), 8160-8164. DOI. (selected as a "Hot Paper" by Editors)
  6. Cavallaro, M. Jr.,† Gharbi, M. A.,† Beller, D. A.,† Čopar, S., Shi, Z., Baumgart, T., Yang, S., Kamien, R. D., and Stebe, K. J.*, “Exploiting imperfections in the bulk to direct assembly of surface colloids", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA2013, 110 (47) 18804-18808. DOI († : equal contribution). Also see press release.
  7. Cavallaro, M. Jr.,† Gharbi, M. A.,† Beller, D. A.,† Čopar, S., Shi, Z., Kamien, R. D., Yang, S., Baumgart, T., and Stebe, K. J.*, “Ring Around the Colloid”, Soft Mater2013, 9, 9099-9102. DOI. († : equal contribution).
  8. Honglawan, A., Ni, H., Weissman, D. and Yang, S.*, " Synthesis of Random Copolymer Based pH-Responsive Nanoparticles as Drug Carriers for Cancer Therapeutics”, Polym. Chem., 2013, 4 (13), 3667 - 3675. DOI
  9. Chen, C.-M.,Chiang, C.-L., Lai, C.-L., Xie, T., and Yang, S.*, "Buckling-based strong dry adhesives via interlocking", Adv. Funct. Mater.2013, 23 (30), 3813–3823DOI
  10. Rahmawan, Y., Xu, L. and Yang, S.*, “Self-assembly of Nanostructures towards Transparent Superhydrophobic Surfaces”, J. Mater. Chem. A2013, 1, 2955-2969. DOI. (feature article). Part of themed collection: 2013 Most Accessed Manuscripts for Journal of Materials Chemistry A and the Highly cited paper according to Web of Sciences as the top 1% of the academic field of Materials Science for the publication year.
  11. Gharbi, M. A., Cavallaro, Jr., M., Wu, G., Beller, D. A., Kamien, R. D., Yang, S. and Stebe, K. J.*, “Micro-Bullet Assembly: Interactions of Oriented Dipoles in Confined Nematic Liquid Crystal”, Liquid Crystals2013, 40 (12), 1619-1627. DOI. (invited)
  12. Honglawan, A.†, Beller, D. A.†, Cavallaro, M. Jr., Kamien, R. D.*, Stebe, K. J. and Yang, S.*, “Topographically-induced hierarchical assembly and geometrical transformation of focal conic domain arrays in smectic liquid crystals”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA2013, 110 (1) 34-39. DOI (†: equal contribution). see Commentary by Oleg D. Lavrentovic, "Designing Dupin cyclides in micro and macro worlds".
  13. Xu, L.; Farrell, J.; Karunakaran, R. G.; Honglawan, A.; and Yang, S.*, “Synthesis of Dual-functional Polymer with Orthogonally Photosensitive Groups”, J. Polym. Sci. A. Polym. Chem., 2013, 51 (5), 1215–1222. DOI.


  1. Honglawan, A, and Yang, S.*, “Evaporative assembly of ordered microporous films and their hierarchical structures from amphiphilic random copolymers”, Soft Matter2012, 8 (47), 11897 - 11904. DOI
  2. Li, J., Shim, J., Overvelde, J., Deng, J., Zhu, X., Bertoldi, K. and Yang, S.*, “Switching Reflective Color to Transparency in Photonic Membranes via Pattern Transformation and Shape Memory Effect”, Soft Matter2012, 8 (40), 10322 - 10328. DOI
  3. Hsieh, W.-T., Hsu, C.-J., Capraro, B. R., Wu, T., Chen,C.-M., Yang, S. and Tobias Baumgart, T.*, "Curvature Sorting of Peripheral Proteins on Solid-Supported Wavy Membranes", Langmuir2012, 28 (35), 12838–12843. DOI
  4. Honglawan, A., Xu, L. and Yang, S.*, "Facile synthesis of nanoparticles via assembly of photopolymerized and self-crosslinked random copolymers in selective organic media", J. Polym. Sci. A: Polym. Chem2012, 50 (18), 3840-3847. DOI.
  5. Zhu, X., Wu, G., Dong, R. Chen, C.-M. and Yang, S.*, “Capillarity induced instability in responsive hydrogel membranes with periodic hole array”, Soft Matter, 2012, 8 (31), 8088 – 8093. DOI (Themed Issue: Mechanics and Physics of Hydrogels)
  6. Li, J., Liang, G. Q., Zhu, X. and Yang, S.*, “Exploiting Nano-roughness on Holographically Patterned Three Dimensional Photonic Crystals”, Adv. Funct. Mater., 2012, 22 (14), 2980-2986. DOIMovie. News Coverage.
  7. 7. Guvendiren, M. Gambogi, R. Soshinsky, A. and Yang, S.*, “Calcium Cabonated Composite Hydrogel Films: Particle Packing and Optical Properties”,Polymer Eng. Sci., 2012, 52 (6), 1317–1324. DOI.
  8. 8. Chen, C.-M. and Yang, S.*, “Wrinkling Instability in Polymer Films and their Applications”, Polym. Inter2012, 61(7), 1041–1047. DOI. (invited mini-review)
  9. 9. Xu, L.,† Karunakaran, R. G.,† Guo, J., and Yang, S.*"Transparent, Superhydrophobic Surfaces from One-Step Spin Coating of Hydrophobic Nanoparticles", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2012, 4 (2), 1118–1125. DOI († Both authors contributed equally to this work)


  1. Chandra, D.* and Yang, S.*, “Dynamics of a Droplet Imbibing on a Rough Surface”, Langmuir, 2011, 27 (22), 13401-13405. DOI
  2. Honglawan, A., Beller, D. A., Cavallaro, M., Kamien, R. D.*, Stebe, K. J. and Yang, S.*, “Pillar Assisted Epitaxial Assembly of Toric Focal Conic Domains of Smectic-A Liquid Crystals”, Adv. Mater.2011, 23 (46), 5519-5523. (with supporting information). DOI
  3. Jin, C., Khare, K., Vajpayee, S., Yang, S.*, and Jagota, A.* and Hui, C.-Y. *, “Adhesive contact between a rippled elastic surface and a rigid spherical indenter: from partial to full contact”, Soft Matter2011, 7 (22), 10728-10736DOI
  4. Badre, C.* Chapel, J. P., Yang, S., “Dry and reversible transfer-printing of silica nanoparticles on the top of the PDMS wrinkles”, Soft Matter2011, 7, 9886-9889. DOI
  5. Yang, S. "Photonic crystal changes color when exposed to an explosion", SPIE Newsroom, 25 April 2011DOI: 10.1117/2.1201102.003519.
  6. Karunakaran, R. G., Lu, C.-H., Zhang, Z. H., and Yang, S.*, “Highly Transparent and Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Co-assembly of Nanoparticles (≤ 100 nm)”, Langmuir2011, 27 (8), 4594–4602. DOI
  7. Cullen, D. K., Xu, Y., Reneer, D. V., Browne, K. D., Geddes, J. W., Yang, S.*, and Smith, D. H.*, “Color Changing Nano-Crystals Detect Blast Exposure”, NeuroImage2011, 54, S37–S44. DOI
  8. Vajpayee, S.†, Khare, K.†, Yang, S., Hui, C.-Y., and Jagota, A.*, “Adhesion Selectivity Using Rippled Surfaces”,Adv. Funct. Mater2011, 21 (3), 547–555DOI. († Both authors contributed equally to this work)
  9. Cullen, D. K., Browne, K. D.,  Xu, Y., Adeeb, S., Wolf, J. A., McCarron R. M., Yang, S., and Smith, D. H.*, “Blast-Induced Color Change in Photonic Crystals Corresponds with Brain Pathology”, J. Neurotrauma, 2011, 28 (11), 2307-2318. DOI


  1. Xu, Y., Guron, M., Zhu, X., Sneddon, L. G.* and Yang, S.*, “Template synthesis of 3D high-temperature silicon-oxycarbide and silicon-carbide ceramic photonic crystals from interference lithographically patterned organosilicates”, Chem. Mater., 201022 (21), pp 5957–5963. DOI
  2. Zhu, X, Liang, G., Xu, Y., Cheng, S.-C., and Yang, S.*,  Fabrication of Size-Scalable 3D Photonic Structures via Dual-beam Multiple Exposure and Its Robustness Study”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B., 2010, 27 (12), 2534-2541. DOI.
  3. Liang, G., Zhu, X., Xu, Y., Li, J. and Yang, S.*, "Holographic Design and Fabrication of Diamond Symmetry Photonic Crystals via Dual-beam Quadruple Exposure", Adv. Mater2010, 22(40), 4524–4529. DOI.
  4. Guvendiren, M., Burdick, J. A.*, and Yang, S.*,"Solvent Induced Transition from Wrinkles to Creases in Thin Film Gels with Depth-Wise Crosslinking Gradients", Soft Mater 2010, 6 (22), 5795 - 5801 (themed issue on The Physics of Buckling). DOI
  5. Coll Ferrer, M. C.; Yang, S.; Eckmann, D. M. and Composto, R. J.* "Creating Biomimetic Polymeric Surfaces by Photochemical Attachment and Patterning of Dextran", Langmuir2010, 26 (17), 14126–14134. DOI.
  6. Yang, S.*, Khare, K., and Lin, P.-C. “Harnessing Surface Wrinkle Patterns in Soft Matter", Adv. Funct. Mater2010, 20 (16) 2550–2564DOI (invited review)
  7. Chandra, D. and Yang, S.*, "Stability of high-aspect-ratio micropillar arrays against adhesive and capillary forces”, Acc. Chem Res. 2010 43 (8), 1080-1091. DOI (invited review)
  8. Guvendiren, M., Burdick, J. A.*, and Yang, S.*, "Kinetic Study of Swelling-Induced Surface Pattern Formation and Ordering in Hydrogel Films with Depth-Wise Crosslinking Gradient", Soft Mater. 2010, 6 (9), 2044 – 2049. DOI.
  9. Chandra, D., Yang, S.*, "Response to Comment on Biomimetic Ultrathin Whitening by Capillary-Force-Induced Random Clustering of Hydrogel Micropillar Arrays", ACS Appl. Mater. Interf. 20102 (3), 605-605. DOI
  10. Zhang, Y., Lin, C.-T., Yang,S.*, "Fabrication of Hierarchical Pillar Arrays from Thermoplastic and Photosensitive SU-8", Small2010, 6 (6), 768 - 775. DOI.
  11. McConnell, M., Kraeutler, M. J., Yang, S. *, and Composto, R.*, "Patchy and Multiregion Janus Particles with Tunable Optical Properties”, Nano Lett.2010, 10 (2), 603–609. DOI
  12. Moon, J.* and Yang, S.*, "Chemical Aspects of Three-dimensional Photonic Crystals", Chem. Rev.2010,110 (1), 547–574. DOI (invited review)


  1. Xu, Y., Zhu, X and Yang, S.*, “Crack-free 3D hybrid microstructures from photosensitive organosilicates as versatile photonic templates”, ACS Nano2009 , 3(10), 3251–3259. DOI
  2. Cheng, S.-C.†, Zhu, X.†, and Yang, S.* , "Complex 2D Photonic Crystals with Analogue Local Symmetry as 12-fold Quasicrystals", Opt. Express2009, 17(19), 16710-16715. (†: equal contribution). URL
  3. Guvendiren, M., Yang, S.*, and Burdick, J. A.*, “Swelling-Induced Surface Patterns in Hydrogels with Gradient Crosslinking Density”, Adv. Funct. Mater2009, 19(19), 3038-3045. DOI (Frontispieces)
  4. Chandra, D. and Yang, S.*, "Capillary-force-induced clustering of micropillar arrays: is it caused by isolated capillary bridges or by lateral capillary meniscus interaction force?", Langmuir 2009, 25 (18), 10430–10434. DOI
  5. Guvendiren, M., Heiney, P., and Yang, S.*, "Precipitated Calcium Carbonate Hybrid Hydrogels: Structural and Mechanical Properties", Macromolecules2009, 42 (17), 6606–6613. DOI
  6. Chandra, D., Yang, S.*, Soshinsky, A. A. and Gambogi, R. J. "Biomimetic ultrathin whitening by capillary force 4. induced random clustering of hydrogel micropillar arrays", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2009, 1 (8), 1698–1704. DOI.
  7. Khare, K., Zhou, J. and and Yang, S.*, "Tunable open-channel microfluidics on soft poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) substrates with sinusoidal grooves", Langmuir2009. 25(21), 12794–12799. DOI
  8. McConnell, M., Bassani, A. W., Yang, S. *, and Composto, R.*, "Tunable wetting of nanoparticle decorated polymer films", Langmuir 2009, 25 (18), 11014–11020. DOI
  9. Zhang, Y.†, Reed, J. C†, and Yang, S.*, "Creating a Library of Complex Metallic Nanostructures via Harnessing Pattern Transformation of a Single PDMS Membrane", ACS Nano2009, 3 (8), 2412–2418 . (†: equal contribution). DOI
  10. Moon, J.†, Seo, J. S.,† Xu, Y. and Yang, S.*, "Direct fabrication of 3D silica-like microstructures from epoxy-functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)", J. Mater. Chem2009, 19, 4687 - 4691 . (†: equal contribution). DOI.
  11. Lin, P., and Yang, S.*, "Mechanically Switchable Wetting on the Wrinkled Elastomers with Dual-scale Roughness", Soft Matter2009, 5, 1011-1018 . DOI.
  12. Ford, J., Marder, S. R., and Yang, S., "Growing ‘nanofruit' textures on photocrosslinked SU-8 surfaces through layer-by-layer grafting of hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine)", Chem. Mater.200921(3), 476-483. (with suppl. info.) DOI. It is Highlighted in Lab on a Chip, 2009, 9, 642 - 643, as an article of particular significance/value to miniaturization research.
  13. McConnell, M., Yang, S.*., Composto, R.*, "Covalent nanoparticle assembly onto random copolymer films ", Macromolecules2009, 42 (2), 517–523. DOI


  1. Zhu, X., Zhang, Y., Chandra, D., Cheng, S.-C., Kikkawa, J. M. and Yang, S. *, “Two-dimensional photonic crystals with anisotropic unit cells imprinted from poly(dimethylsiloxane) membranes under elastic deformation”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2008 , 93 (16), 161911. URL
  2. Kang, J.-H., Moon, J. H., Lee, S.-K., Park, S.-G., Jang, S. G., Yang, S., and Yang, S.-M.*, “Thermo-responsive Hydrogel Photonic Crystals by Three-dimensional Holographic Lithography”, Adv. Mater 200820 , 3061-3065. (with suppl. info.). DOI
  3. Hayek, A.† , Xu, Y.† , Okada, T., Barlow, B., Zhu, X., Moon, J. H., Yang, S.* and Marder, S. R.*, “Poly(glycidyl methacrylate)s with controlled molecular weights as low-shrinkage resins for 3D multibeam interference lithography”, J. Mater. Chem. 2008, 18 (28) , 3316 - 3318. († : equal contribution) DOI
  4. Lin, P., Vajpayee, S., Jagota, A.*, Hui, C.-H., and Yang, S.*, “Mechanically Tunable Dry Adhesive from Wrinkled Elastomers”, Soft Matter, 2008, 4, 1830-1835. (with suppl. info.) DOI
  5. Wang, F., Wang, G., Yang, S. , Li, C., “Layer-by-layer assembly of aqueous dispersible, highly conductive poly(aniline- co -o-anisidine)/poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)/MWNT core-shell nanocomposites, Langmuir2008, 24 (11), 5825-5831. DOI.
  6. Tian, F., Yu, Y., Wang, C.*, and Yang, S.*,“ Consecutive Morphological Transitions in Nanoaggregates Assembled from Amphiphilic Random Copolymer via Water-Driven Micellization and Light-Triggered Dissociation”, Macromolecules2008, 41 (10), 3385-3388 . DOI
  7. Zhang, Y. Matsumoto, E. A., Peter, A., Lin, P., Kamien, R. D.*, and Yang, S.*, “One-step nanoscale assembly of complex structures via harnessing of an elastic instability”, Nano Lett2008 8 (4), 1192-1196. DOI.
  8. Chandra, D., Taylor , J. A. and Yang, S.*, “Replica molding of high-aspect-ratio (sub-)micron hydrogel pillar arrays and their stability in air and solvents”, Soft Matter, 2008, 4 , 979-984. DOI.
  9. Guo, G., Qin, F., Yang, D., Wang, C.*, Xu, H., and Yang, S.*, “ Synthesis of Platinum Nanoparticles Supported on Poly(acrylic acid) Grafted MWNTs and Their Hydrogenation of Citral”, Chem. Mater. 200820 ( 6 ), 2291 – 2297. DOI
  10. Xu, Y., Zhu, X., Dan, Y., Moon, J. H., Chen, V. W., Johnson, A. T., Perry, J. W. and Yang, S.* “Electrodeposition of 3D titania photonic crystals from holographically patterned microporous polymer templates”, Chem. Mater2008. 20 (5); 1816-1823. DOI


  1. Chandra, D., Lin, P. and Yang, S.*, “Strain responsive concave and convex microlens arrays”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2007 91 , 251912. URL
  2. Zhu, X., Xu, Y. and Yang, S.*, “Distortion of 3D SU8 Photonic Structures Fabricated by Four-beam Holographic Lithography with Umbrella Configuration”, Opt. Express 200715 , 16546-16560. URL
  3. Ford, J. and Yang, S.*, “Directed Synthesis of Silica Nanoparticles on Micropatterned Hydrogel Templates Tethered with Poly(ethyleneimine)”, Chem. Mater. 2007, 19 (23), 5570-5575. DOI.
  4. Moon, J. H., Kim, A. J., Crocker, J. C. and Yang, S.*, “High-throughput synthesis of anisotropic colloids via holographic lithography”, Adv. Mater.200719, 2520-2524 DOI
  5. Lin, P. and Yang, S.*, “Spontaneous formation of 1D ripples in transit to highly-ordered 2D herringbone structures through sequential and unequal biaxial mechanical stretching ”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2007 , 90 , 241903. URL
  6. Moon, J. H., Xu, Y., Dan, Y. Yang, S.-M., Johnson, A. T. and Yang S.*, “Triply periodic bicontinuous structures as templates for photonic crystals: a pinch-off problem”, Adv. Mater. 200719 , 1510-1514. DOI


  1. Guo, G., Yang, D., Wang, C., Yang, S. “Fishing” polymer brushes on single-walled carbon nanotubes by in situ free radical polymerization in a poor solvent, Macromolecules, 2006, 39, 9035-9040. DOI
  2. Qin, S., Geng, Y. Discher, D. E.* and Yang, S.*, “ Temperature-Controlled Assembly and Release from Polymer Vesicles of Poly(ethylene oxide)-block-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)”, Adv. Mater., 200618 , 2905-2909. DOI Highly cited paper by Web of Sciences as the top 1% of the academic field of Materials Science for the publication year.
  3. Zhang, Y. †, Lo, C.-W. †, Taylor, J. A. and Yang, S.*, “Replica molding Replica Molding of high-aspect-ratio nanopillar arrays with high fidelity”, ( †: equal contribution), Langmuir2006, 22, 8595. DOI.
  4. Hong, K.-H., Wang, J., Sharonov, A., Chandra, D., Aizenberg, J. and Yang, S.*, “Tunable Microfluidic Optical Devices with Integrated Microlens Array”, J. Micromech. Microeng.200616 , 1660. DOI
  5. Moon, J. H.,Dong, W. Adibi, A. Perry, J. W. , Yang, S.-M., Yang, S.* , “ Core-Shell Diamond-like Silicon Photonic Crystals from 3D Polymer Templates Created by Holographic Lithography”, Opt. Express2006,14, 6297. DOI
  6. Moon, J. H., Yang, S.*, Yang, S.-M., “Photonic Bandgap Structures of Core-Shell Simple Cubic Crystals from Holographic Lithography”, Appl. Phys. Lett.200688, 121101. DOI
  7. Moon, J. H., Ford, J., Yang, S.*. “Fabricating three-dimensional polymer photonic structures by multi-beam interference lithography”, Polym. Adv. Tech. 200617: 83-93 (invited review). DOI


  1. Moon, J. H., Yang, S., Pine, D. J., Yang, S.-M.,“Translation of interference pattern by phase shift for diamond photonic crystals”, Opt. Express 2005, 13 , 9841. DOI
  2. Wang, J., Chen, Z., Mauk, M., Hong, K-S, Li, M., Yang, S. , and Bau, H., H., “Self-Actuated, Thermo-Responsive Hydrogel Valves for Lab on a Chip”, Biomedical Microdevices 2005 , 7:4, 313-322.
  3. Yang, S.*.; Ford, J.; Ruengruglikit, C.; Huang, Q.; Aizenberg, J. “ Fabrication of Biomimietic microlens arrays from Photoacid Crosslinkable Hydrogels” J. Mater. Chem. 2005 15 , 4200-4202. DOI
  4. Moon, J. H., Yang, S., “Creating three-dimensional polymeric microstructures by multi-beam interference lithography” J. Macromol. Sci., Part C: ­ Polym. Rev. 2005 45 (4), 351-373 (invited review) DOI
  5. Yang, S.*; Ullal, C. K.; Thomas, E. L.; Chen, G; Aizenberg, J. “Microlens Arrays with Integrated Pores as a Multipattern Photomask”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2005 86 , 201121. DOI
  6. Yang, S.*; Chen, G; Megens, M.; Ullal, C. K.; Han, Y.-J.; Rapaport, R.; Thomas, E. L.; Aizenberg, J. “Functional Biomimetic Microlens Arrays with Integrated Pores”, Adv. Mater. 2005 17 , 435. DOI.
  7. Fukukawa, K.; Zhu, L.; Gopalan, P.; Ueda, M.; Yang, S., “Synthesis and Characterization of Silicon-containing Block Copolymers from Nitroxide-mediated Living Free Radical Polymerization”, Macromolecules, 2005 38 , 263-270. DOI.


  1. Jeon, S.; Park, J.-U.; Cirelli, R.; Yang, S. , Heitzman, Carla E.; Braun, Paul V.; Kenis, Paul J. A. and Rogers, J. A. “Fabricating complex three-dimensional nanostructures with high-resolution conformable phase masks”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2004 101 : 12428-12433. DOI
  2. Ullal, C K; Maldovan, M.; Thomas, E. L.; Chen, G; Han, Y.-J.; and Yang, S. “Photonic crystals through holographic lithography: simple cubic, diamond like and gyroid like structures”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2004 , 84, 5434 . DOI
  3. Krupenkin, T. N.; Taylor, J.A.; Schneider, T. M.; Yang, S. “From Rolling Ball to Complete Wetting on Dynamically Tunable Nanostructured Surfaces”, Langmuir 2004 20 , 3824 (cover of the month). DOIHighly cited paper according to Web of Sciences as the top 1% of the academic field of Materials Science for the publication year.


  1. Yang, S.*; Mirau, P.; Sun, J. N.; Gidley, D.“Characterization of nanoporous ultra Low-k thin films templated by copolymers with different architectures” Rad. Chem. Phys. 2003 68 , 351. DOI
  2. Yang, S.*.; Krupenkin, T. N.; Mach, P. and Chandross, E. A. “Fabrication of tunable and latchable liquid microlens with photopolymerizable components” Adv. Mater. 2003 , 15 (11), 940. DOI
  3. Krupenkin,T. N.; Yang, S. ; Mach, P. “Tunable liquid microlens” Appl. Phys. Lett. 2003 82 , 316. DOI
  4. Cattaneo, F.; Baldwin, K.; Yang, S. ; Krupenkin, T. N. and Rogers, J.A. “Digitally Tunable Microfluidic Optical Fiber Devices”, J. Microelectromech. Sys., 2003 , 12, 907 .
  5. Hsieh, J.; Mach, P.; Cattaneo, F.; Yang, S.; Krupenkin, T.; Baldwin K. and Rogers, J. A. “ Tunable microfluidic optical fiber devices based on molded plastic microchannels and electrowetting pumps”, IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 2003 15 , 81.
  6. Ullal, C. K.; Maldovan, M.; Wohlgemuth, M.; White, C. A.; Yang, S. and Thomas, E. L. “3D periodic biocontinuous structures through interference lithography: a level set approach”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A ., 2003 20 , 948. DOI


  1. Yang, S.*; Horibe, Y.; Chen, C.-H.; Mirau, P.; Tatry, T.; Evans, P.; Grazul, J.and Dufresne , E. M. “Ordered hydrophobic organosilicates templated by block copolymers” Chem. Mater . 2002 14 , 5173. DOI
  2. Yang, S.*; Megens, M.; Aizenberg, J.; Wiltzius, P.; Chaikin, P.; Russel, W. “Visible laser-initiated cationic polymerization for multi-beam interference lithography”, Chem. Mater. 2002 14 , 2831 DOI
  3. Yang, S.*; Mirau, P.A.; Pai, C.-S.; Nalamasu, O.; Reichmanis, E.; Pai, J. C.; Obeng, Y. S.; Seputro, J.; Lin, E.; Lee, H.-J.; Sun, J. and Gidley, D. “ Nanoporous ultralow dielectric constant organosilicates templated by triblock copolymers ”, Chem. Mater 2002 14 , 369. DOI
  4. Mirau, P. A. and Yang, S. “Solid state proton NMR characterization of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide random and block copolymer composites with poly(methyl silsesquioxanes)”, Chem. Mater, 2002 14 , 249. DOI
  5. Xu, J.; Moxom, J.; Yang, S.; Suzuki, R. and Ohdaira, T. “Porosity in porous methyl-silsesquioxane (MSQ) Films” Appl. Surf. Sci. 2002 194 , 189 . DOI
  6. Xu, J.; Moxom, J.; Yang, S.; Suzuki, R. and Ohdaira, T. “Dependence of porosity in methyl-silsequioxane thin films on molecular weight of sacrificial triblock copolymers”, Chem. Phys. Lett 2002 364, 309. DOI
  7. Mach, P.; Krupenkin, T. N.; Yang, Sand Rogers, J. A. “ Dynamic tuning of optical waveguides with electrowetting pumps and recirculating fluid channels”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2002 81 , 202. DOI


  1. Yang, S.*Pai, J. C.; Pai, C.-S.; Dabbagh, G.; Nalamasu, O.; Reichmanis, E.; Seputro, J. and Obeng, Y. S. “Processing and characterization ultra low dielectric constant organosilicates”, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B. 2001 19 , 2155. Link
  2. Yang, S.; Mirau, P.A.; Pai, C.-S.; Nalamasu, O.; Reichmanis, E.; Lin, E. and Lee, H.-J.; Gidley, D. and Sun, J. “ Molecular templating of nanoporous ultra low-dielectric constant (~ 1.5) organosilicates by tailoring the microphase separation of triblock copolymers ”, Chem. Mater 2001 13 , 2762. DOI
  3. Koga, T.; Zhou, S.; Chu , B.; Fulton, J. L.; Yang, S.; Ober, C. K. and Erman, B. “New high pressure cell for simultaneous synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering and laser light scattering measurements”, Rev. Sci. Instr. 2001 72 , 2679.


  1. Yang, S.; Wang, J.; Ogino, K.; Valiyaveettil S.; Ober, C. K. “Low-surface-energy fluoromethacrylate block copolymers with patternable elements”, Chem. Mater. 2000 , 12, 33. DOI
  2. Sundararajan, N.; Yang, S.; Ogino, K.; Valiyaveettil, S.; Wang, J.; Zhou, X.; Ober, C. K.; Obendorf, S. K.; Allen, R. D. “Supercritical CO 2 processing for submicron imaging of fluoropolymers”, Chem. Mater. 2000 , 12, 41. DOI


  1. Crane L.; Torres-Filho, A.; Ober, C. K.; Yang, S.; Chen, J.; Johnson, R. W. “Development of reworkable underfills, materials, reliability and processing”, IEEE Trans. Compon., Packag. Technol. 1999 22 (2) , 163.


  1. Yang, S. ; Chen, J.-S.; Körner, H.; Breiner, T.; Ober, C. K. and Poliks, M. D. “ Reworkable Epoxies: Thermosets with thermally cleavable groups for controlled network breakdown”, Chem. Mater. 1998 10 , 1475. DOI

Invited Reviews

  1. Moon, J.* and Yang, S.*, "Chemical Aspects of Three-dimensional Photonic Crystals", Chem. Rev.2010,110 (1), 547–574. DOI
  2. Yang, S. and Aizenberg, J. “ Microlens Arrays with Integrated Pores”, Nano Today, 2005, 8 (12), Suppl. 1 , 40. (invited review ). Link
  3. Yang, S.“ Low k dielectric materials from inorganic-organic hybrids”, Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology-Updates , Elsevier Science, 2004 .
  4. Yang, S. “ Linking photonic band gaps”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed 2002 41 , 2419.


Book Edited

  1. Sanchez, C.; Laine, R.M.; Yang, S. ; Brinker, C.J., eds, Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials—2002, MRS Proceedings Vol. 726.
  2. Yang, S., Xia, Y. N.; Liu, J. and Lakeman , C., eds, Nontraditional Approaches to Patterning MRS proceedings Vol. EXS-2

Patents: 31 issued

  1. "Kirigami modification of biomedical tissue reinforcing meshes and matrices for expansile two-to-three dimensional conversion", United States Patent No. 11642215
  2. Nanocomposite Films And Methods For Producing The Same”, United States Patent No. 11,639,425B2
  3. Direct mapping of local director field of nematic liquid crystals at the nanoscale”, US Patent 11,680,20.
  4. "Omni-transparent and Superhydrophobic coatings assembled from Chain-like Nanoparticles", United States Patent No. 11,365,333B2
  5. Superoleophobic membranes for oil/water separation”, US Patent 10,843,139B2
  6. "Superamphiphobic Surfaces And Compositions And Methods of Forming The Same", US Patent, 10,202,522.
  7. Apparatus for controlling the movement of a liquid on a nanostructured or microstructure surface”, US Patent, 9,433,907
  8. "Porous polymer coating for tooth whitening", US Patent 9,296,846
  9. Patterning Structures Using Deformable Substrates”, US Patent 8,557,341
  10. “Blast Injury Dosimeter”, US Patent 8,400,636
  11. Selective nanoparticle assembly systems and methods”. US Patent 8,475,869
  12. Adhesives With Mechanical Tunable Adhesion”, US Patent 8,372,230
  13. Tunable lithography with a refractive mask”, US Patent 7,927,783
  14. Reversibly Adaptive Rough Micro And Nano-Structures”, US Patent 7,459,197
  15. Organosilicate Materials with Mesoscopic Structures”, US Patent 7,062,142
  16. Organosilicate Materials with Mesoscopic Structures”, US Patent 6,747123.
  17. Tunable micro-lens array”, US Patent 7,297,474
  18. Tunable micro-lens array”, US Patent 7,253,958
  19. Tunable micro-lens array”, US Patent 7,106,519
  20. Process for making crystalline structures having interconnected pores and high refractive index contrasts”, US Patent 7,168,266
  21. Patterned structures of high refractive index materials”, US Patent 7,008,757
  22. Method And Apparatus for Reducing Friction Between A Fluid and A Body”, US Patent 7,156,032
  23. Method And Apparatus for Reducing Friction Between A Fluid and A Body”, US Patent 7,455,021
  24. Solidifiable tunable liquid microlens”, US 6,936,196
  25. Optical Waveguide Devices With Electro-Wetting Actuation”, U.S. Patent 6,829415.
  26. Lenses with tunable liquid optical elements”, US Patent 6,891,682
  27. Tunable Field Of View Liquid Microlens”, U.S. Patent 6,778328.
  28. Method And Apparatus For Aligning A Photo-Tunable Microlens”, US Patent 6, 665127.
  29. Tunable Liquid Microlens With The Lubrication Liquid Assisted Electrowetting”, US Patent 6, 545815.
  30. Photo-Tunable Liquid Microlens”, US Patent 6, 545816.
  31. Tunable Liquid Microlens”, US Patent 6, 538823.